Crafting an Effective Explanatory Essay

It’s always a common occurrence for students to write an explanatory essay while in school all over the world. Such an assignment forms a crucial assessment tool for teachers to understand what a student has learned. Because of this, a student has to understand what an explanatory essay piece means and how to write it to stand a chance of passing their term exams. 

So what does an explanatory essay imply? It’s a piece that describes an opinion on a specific thing, a process, an individual’s idea, or a distinct occurrence. All a student has to do entails explaining information for an audience instead of debating or criticizing it. Sounds easy, right? Well, it’s never easy without understanding the crucial elements necessary to write a good one. So what should you consider to write an excellent explanatory essay?

Steps in Writing a Brilliant Explanatory Essay

  • Pick a subject that you comprehend well. You can write an explanatory essay in as much as it sometimes seems complex. The reason proves straightforward as you can write about anything provided it adheres to your assignments instructions. An example includes stating why your government should uphold religious holidays.
  • Take care and avoid veering into other essay types. You have to avoid writing process or persuasive essays in as much as they can technically qualify as an explanatory essay. Stay grounded to the style of an explanatory essay, and as a consequence, it will aptly demonstrate to your tutor your comprehension when it comes to the concept. 

While the presentation of evidence concerning supporting your subject should happen, you have to aim at making a good case ad not to sway your audience. Further, ensure your process, if any, becomes a discussion and less of a process description.

  • Collect all the available evidence to back your essay up. It always proves the key to writing an excellent explanatory essay to support your key idea for solid reasons. Such reasons can merely pass as opinions, but in as much as your reasoning stays sound, your essay will stay solid as well. However, remember to get your reasons or information from valid sources. Further, track the sources you obtain your information from and include them as part of your bibliography. 
  • Make an essay outline. Well, it can seem unimportant because you won’t have to submit it, but it proves crucial in structuring your work. You can list your ideas on a piece of paper. Alternatively, min-map or use an old-school strategy of penning down your concepts on different index cards.
  • Commence with writing your paper’s body text. Most standard essays have at least five paragraphs with an introductory paragraph, three paragraphs for the body text, and eventually, the conclusion. In as much as some essays can have more paragraphs, five should form a standard for the short essays. Typically, your assignment has to specify the essay’s word count but you have to stick to a single idea for each body paragraph. 
  • Complete your essay by doing the introduction and conclusion sections. End your work strongly by putting together a powerful summary. After all, it’s this section that will linger the most to your audience. Similarly, the introduction should catch the attention of the reader when they begin looking at your work. 


Any student must stick to these guidelines when it comes to writing an excellent explanatory essay piece. In so doing, you will discover it doesn’t come across as complex as it initially sounded.

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